WINS personnel have performed studies of the behavior of acoustic waves in Type III composite cylinders. A simple, low-profile ceramic piezoelectric disk was used in this application and it worked well. Input signal was sent to a transducer located on the top of the cylinder at the tangent point just inside the dome at one end, and received on the bottom tangent point at the other.

The interaction of the defects in these materials with transmitted ultrasound is complex and the effect on the transmitted wave may alter the waveform in ways other than simple amplitude changes. A significant change in cross-correlation coefficient between signals in undamaged materials and that obtained from

WINS personnel have performed studies of the behavior of acoustic waves in Type III composite cylinders.  A simple, low-profile ceramic piezoelectric disk was used in this application and it worked well. Input signal was sent to a transducer located on the top of the cylinder at the tangent point just inside the dome at one end, and received on the bottom tangent point at the other.

The interaction of the defects in these materials with transmitted ultrasound is complex and the effect on the transmitted wave may alter the waveform in ways other than simple amplitude changes.  A significant change in cross-correlation coefficient between signals in undamaged materials and that obtained from a signal transmitted through a notch oriented parallel to the path between two sensors was obtained.   A summary of the data obtained from a number of defects is shown in the table below.

 Defect type  Defect size  Frequency (MHz)  Correlation Coefficient
 Axial hole  3.174 mm dia, 4.8 mm deep  0.19  0.83
 Axial impact  20 x 20 mm observable surface damage  0.19  0.44
 Axial parallel notch  25 x 2 x 2 mm  0.19  0.83
 Axial perpendicular notch  25 x 2 x 2 mm  0.19  0.68
 Circumferential hole  3.175 mm dia, 4.8 mm deep  0.322  0.79
 circumferential damage  20 x 20 mm observable surface damage  0.322  0.69
 circumferential parallel notch  25 x 2 x 2 mm  0.322  0.93
 circumferential perpendicular notch   25 x 2 x 2 mm  0.322  0.85

Waves in Solids, LLC, 2134 Sandy Dr., Ste. 14 State College, PA 16803 Phone: (814) 237 1031
e-mail thomhay@wavesinsolids.com

a signal transmitted through a notch oriented parallel to the path between two sensors was obtained. A summary of the data obtained from a number of defects is shown in the table below.

Defect type
Defect size
Frequency (MHz)
Correlation Coefficient
Axial hole
3.174 mm dia, 4.8 mm deep
0.19 0.83
Axial impact
20 x 20 mm observable surface damage
0.19 0.44
Axial parallel notch
25 x 2 x 2 mm
0.19 0.83
Axial perpendicular notch
25 x 2 x 2 mm
0.19 0.68
Circumferential hole
3.175 mm dia, 4.8 mm deep
0.322 0.79
circumferential damage
20 x 20 mm observable surface damage
0.322 0.69
circumferential parallel notch
25 x 2 x 2 mm
0.322 0.93
circumferential perpendicular notch
25 x 2 x 2 mm 0.322 0.85